Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Test - (QUEST DIAGNOSTICS)
Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease (STD)in the country. In 2002, over 800,000 cases of chlamydia were reported to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Gonorrhea is also a very common STD. The CDC estimates that more than 700,000 persons in the U.S. get new gonorrheal infections each year. The Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Test is a urine test that will detect the presence of bacteriums Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
C. trachomatis infections are the leading cause of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. C. trachomatis is known to cause cervicitis, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), infant conjunctivitis, infant pneumonia, urethritis, epididymitis and proctitis. It is also the most frequent cause of non-gonococcal urethritis in men. Among women, the consequences of chlamydial infections are severe if left untreated. Approximately half of chlamydial infections are asymptomatic.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococci) is the causative agent of gonorrhea. In men, this disease generally results in anterior urethritis accompanied by purulent exudate. In women, the disease is most often found in the cervix, but the vagina and uterus may also be infected.
Positive results require further evaluation by your physician.
Patient should not have urinated for at least 1 hour prior to specimen collection. Collect the specimen in a sterile, preservative-free collection cup. The patient should collect the first 20-60 mL of voided urine (the first part of the stream-not midstream) into a urine collection cup.
Chlamydia trachomatis is recognized as the leading agent of sexually-transmitted disease worldwide. Although only 30% of the states designate Chlamydia a reportable disease, in the U.S. more than four million new cases of Chlamydia infection are reported annually. The asymptomatic nature of a large proportion of chlamydial infections leads to underdiagnosis and consequent health problems. Approximately 75% of infections in females and 50% of male infections are asymptomatic. Women are the most severely affected due to the correlation between untreated Chlamydia infection and ectopic pregnancy and infertility. Rapid detection and diagnosis of chlamydial infection is critical in controlling not only the spread of disease but also the devastating sequelae. Partner evaluation to prevent reinfection is also an important aspect of controlling spread of the disease. This can easily be done through a GC Chlamydia STD test.
Examination for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae by nucleic acid amplification technology.
First void urine (patient should not have urinated for 1 hour prior to specimen collection).
Estimated turnaround for results is 3 business days.